Cambridge Primary, typically for 5-11 year olds, gives schools a curriculum framework to develop English, English as a Second Language, Mathematics, and Science skills, knowledge and understanding in younger learners. Cambridge Primary provides guidance for curriculum development and classroom teaching and learning. It enables teachers to assess children's learning as they progress with two optional assessments: Cambridge Primary Progression Tests and Cambridge Primary Checkpoint.

Cambridge Primary aids identification of a learner's strengths and weaknesses and can be used to support learning and development. It provides learners with excellent preparation so they can progress seamlessly into Cambridge Secondary 1 and beyond.

As an international programme, Cambridge Primary provides teachers with an external benchmark to inform their teaching and easily measure learners' progress over time. It also enables detailed, structured reporting to parents.

Appropriate and relevant internationally, Cambridge Primary has been designed to be culturally sensitive. It includes top-quality teaching and assessment resources appropriate for teaching and learning in local and international schools.

Cambridge Primary complements a range of teaching methods and curricula. No part of the programme is compulsory and schools have freedom to choose the parts that best suit their situation.

The modular nature of Cambridge Primary means that it can either be used as the central teaching curriculum or to complement other curricula.
Teachers may continue to follow a local curriculum, to meet the statutory requirements of their national system, whilst using the Cambridge Primary Progression Tests to enhance their teaching and reporting. Similarly, Cambridge Primary can be used for teaching and tracking the core skills in English, Mathematics and Science while another curriculum is used for any other subjects that may be taught.

Cambridge offers routes learners can follow from post-kindergarten stage through to university entrance.